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地方政府专项债券使用调查: 用在“刀刃”上了吗?

地方政府专项债券使用调查: 用在“刀刃”上了吗?

2020年09月14日 06:41 来源:秒速pk10 参与互动参与互动

  专项债资金用在“刀刃”上了吗

  ——对地方政府专项债券使用情况的调查

  jingjiribao·zhongguojingjiwangjizhe dongbijuan

  近年来,作为积极财政政策的有效抓手,地方政府专项债券新增发行规模不断加大,新增专项债券规模的快速增长为改善公共秒速pk10 、促进经济增长和防范地方政府隐性债务风险起到了重要作用。在对冲经济下行压力和应对新冠肺炎疫情挑战中,专项债究竟给地方经济注入了怎样的活力?这一地方政府规范举债融资的“前门”如何开得更好?针对这些问题,经济日报记者近期深入重庆、湖南等地调查采访。

  8yuedezhongqing,qiwenjiejin40℃。dingzhelieri,jingjiribaojizhelaidaozhongqinggaoxinquneidezhongqingdaxuechanyejishuyanjiuyuanyiqixiangmugongchengxianchang。gaosongdetadiaoxia,yigebeilansemobubaoguodeyue10cenglougaodejianzhuyibadierqi。“7yuezhongxun,1.2yiyuanzhuanxiangzhaizijindaoweihou,秒速pk10 jindumingxianjiakuai,yitiangongchengliangshiyuanlaide3bei。”zuoweigaixiangmudeyezhudanweifuzeren,zhongqingjinfengdianzixinxichanyeyouxiangongsifuzongjinglizhoujunfengbuzhudikuazanzheibizhuanxiangzhaizijinjieleranmeizhiji。

  xiangzheiyangzaijiandezhuanxiangzhaixiangmuhaiyouhenduo。jinnian,秒速pk10 guoanpaidifangzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaiquan3.75wanyiyuan,bishangnianzengjia1.6wanyiyuan。jiezhi7yue31ri,xinzengdifangzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaiquanyifaxing22661yiyuan,wanchengquannianjihuade60.4%,shengyudezhuanxiangzhaiyouwangzai10yuediqianfaxingwanbi。

  bushaorendui“zhuanxiangzhai”youxiemosheng,dantaqueyubaixingderichangshenghuojinmixiangguan。“difangzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaiquanshidifangzhengfuguifanjuzhaideyizhongzhongyaoleibie。zi2015nianqi,yijuxinyusuanfa,difangzhengfuyifayongyoujuzhaiquan,zhuyaocaiquzhaiquanfaxingfangshijuzhai。difangzhengfuzhaiquanzhongleiyouyibanzhaiquanhezhuanxiangzhaiquan。”zhongguocaizhengkexueyanjiuyuanjinrongyanjiuzhongxinzhurenzhaoquanhougaosujizhe,faxingzhuanxiangzhaiquanzhuyaotouxiangyouyidingshouyidegongyixingxiangmu,yiduiyingdezhengfuxingjijinkemuhezhuanxiangzhaiquanrongzixiangmushouruzuoweichanghai。

  kuodafazhaiguimoliduyouduoda

  7yuezhongxun,hunanshengjichangjituanyinglaile10weizhuanmenlai“tiaoci”dekeren。yuanlai,zuoweihunanqijinweizhidantitouziguimozuida、zhaiquanchouzijinezuiduodezhuanxiangzhaiquanxiangmu,zhangshajichanggaikuojiangongchengchuangxinyinruwaibujiandujizhi,congbutongxingyelingyuyangexuanbapinqingle10weiteyuejianduyuan,zhuanmenweixiangmutijianyi。

秒速pk10  gaigongchengyujitouzichaoguo400yiyuan,qizhong160yiyuanweizhuanxiangzhaiquanzijin,jiangdazaoyigejigongjiao、gaotie、ditie、cixuanfuyuhangzhanlouwufengxianjiedezonghejiaotongshuniu,youlidibuqilehunanshengminhangjichusheshiduanban。

  “jinnianlai,difangzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaiquanxinzengfaxingguimobuduanjiada,cong2015niande1000yiyuanzengzhangdaojinniande3.75wanyiyuan。xinzengzhuanxiangzhaiquanguimodekuaisuzengzhangweigaishangonggong秒速pk10 、cujinjingjizengzhanghefangfandifangzhengfuyinxingzhaiwufengxianqidaozhongyaozuoyong。”zhaoquanhoushuo。

  jizhecaifangfaxian,suizhezhuanxiangzhaifaxingguimokuoda、sudujiakuai,chuangxindejiaobuyegengjiajijiyouli。“yuwangnianxiangbi,jinnianshenzhenyifaxingzhuanxiangzhaitouxianglingyucong2019niande9gezengjiadao15ge,xinzengyuegangaodawanquguojiazhongdazhanlve、xueqianjiaoyu、shehuishiye、wenhualvyou、zonghetingchechangdengfuheguojiayaoqiudelingyu。”shenzhenshicaizhengjuyusuanchuchuzhanghuangyunjieshao,jinnianshenzhenzaishenmaotielushenzhenduangongchengzhonghaishoucifaxing10yiyuanzhuanxiangzhaiquanyongyuxiangmuzibenjin。

秒速pk10  zoujinzhongguoxibu(zhongqing)kexuechengkexuegushuzhi秒速pk10 zhihuizhongxin,duozhongzhinengguanlipingtaiyingruyanlian,quanfangweideshuzihuaqixipumianerlai。jizhezhuyidaoyimiandianzidapingshangxianshi“xiangmuxietongguanlipingtai”,youxiangmuzongkong、touzikongzhi、shejiguanli、jindukongzhi、zhiliangguanli、anquanguanliduogepindao,keshishichakanjinchengheyouguanshuju。

秒速pk10  zaigaizhihuizhongxinnei,zhongqinggaoxinqukaifatouzijituanyouxiangongsizongjinglitujinghonggaosujizhe,jinnianchengjielehuanzhaishanpingchanyedaihehanguzhinengzhizaochanyeyuanquzhuanxiangzhaixiangmu,yidaoweizhuanxiangzhaizijin7.6yiyuan,xiangmujinzhanhenshunli。

  gedijijichuangxindebeihou,shiguojiacengmianduizhuanxiangzhaiguanligaigedeshenhua。“jinniandifangzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaizhongdianzhichicuxiaofeihuiminsheng、diaojiegouzenghoujingde‘liangxinyizhong’秒速pk10 deng,yangexianzhizhuanxiangzhaizijinyongyushefangxiangmu,chongfentixianlecaizhengzhengcedejijiyouwei、zhuzhongshixiao。”duiwaijingjimaoyidaxuecaizhengshuiwuxuexixizhurenmaojieshuo。

秒速pk10  2019nian6yue,zhonggongzhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa《guanyuzuohaodifangzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaiquanfaxingjixiangmupeitaorongzigongzuodetongzhi》mingquetichu,yunxujiangzhuanxiangzhaiquanzuoweifuhetiaojiandezhongdaxiangmuzibenjin。maojierenwei,cijujiangdifangzhengfujuzhaide“kaidaqianmen”he“yanduhoumen”xiediaoqilai,rangzhuanxiangzhaigenghaodifahuigangganzuoyonghelinghangxiaoying。jutongji,jinnianyijidugongyou676.3yiyuanzhuanxiangzhaizuoweizibenjin,zhuyaotouxiangquanguo130gexiangmu,qunianzheiyiguimowei68.13yiyuan,xiangmuwei9ge。

  zijintouxiangruheyouhua

  “youchaoyouluan!”cengjing,zhongqingjiangjinquchengnanzongheshichangquyurenliuda、cheliangduo,dahuochechuchujinjin,laiwangcheliangluantingluanfangrangfujinjuminshifentouteng。qunian8yue,chengnanzongheshichangtingchekugongchengdonggongxiujian,bingyujinnian8yuezhongxuntourushiyong。“zheigegongchengdedaozhaiquanzijindedalizhichi,qizhongyianpaizhuanxiangzhaizijin1000wanyuan。weiyunaoshiqudetingchechangxinzengle198gechewei,jidajiejuelequnzhongcengjingdekunrao。”zhongqingjiangjinqucaizhengjufujuzhangzhenghonggaosujizhe。

秒速pk10  youhuazhaiquanzijintouxiang,yanjinyongyuzhihuancunliangzhaiwu,juebuyunxugaoxingxianggongcheng、mianzigongcheng——zheishiduijinnianxinzengdifangzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaideguanliyaoqiu。gediyangezhixing,jiangbaoguidezhuanxiangzhaizijinzhenzhengyongzaihuiminsheng、buduanbande“daoren”shang,tuidongyipizhongdaxiangmujiasushifangnengxiao。

  zijinyongzai“daoren”shang,rangyixiedifangshuiziyuangengzu。5yue28ri,hunanshengzaishanghaizhengquanjiaoyisuofaxingxinzengzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaiquan431.02yiyuan,qizhongjiaohuashuikugongchengduiyingdezhaiquan12yiyuan,faxingqixian30nian,lilv3.75%。gaigongchengzuoweijiejuezhangshadongbujingjizoulangshuiziyuanduanquedejichuxingxiangmu,jianchenghoukewanshanliuyangheliuyufanghongtixi,gaishanxiayoushuishengtaihuanjing,shixianquyushuixiliantong。

秒速pk10  zijinyongzai“daoren”shang,rangyixiedifangjiaotonggengbianli。shenzhenjichangweixingtinggongchengxiangmuzongtouzi105.7yiyuan,2019nianyifaxingzhuanxiangzhai18.5yiyuan,jinnianxufa31.5yiyuan。weixingtingshejiguimowei23.5wanpingfangmi,anzhaonianlvketuntuliang2200wanrenci秒速pk10 ,jianchenghoujiangdalitishengshenzhenjichangdejichusheshibaozhangnengli。

  zijinyongzai“daoren”shang,rangyoudedifangkanbinggengrongyi。zhongqingjiangbeiqurenminyiyuanxinjiangongchengxiangmuzongtouzi37.2yiyuan,jihua3nianneiwancheng秒速pk10 。genjuxiangmu秒速pk10 jindu,jinnianyiweixiangmubofule4400wanyuanzhuanxiangzhaiquanzijin。gaixiangmujihuayongdimianji4.86wanpingfangmi,baokuojizhenbu、menzhenbu、zhuyuanbu、yijifuzhukeshi、yufangbaojianzhongxindeng,jiangjinyibuwanshanjiangbeiquyiliao秒速pk10 tixi,秒速pk10 baixingjiankang。

秒速pk10  “jiezhi7yuedi,caizhengbuxiadazhongqingshi2020nianxinzengzhuanxiangzhaiquanedu1054yiyuan,muqianyichenggongfaxing674yiyuan,bingyiquanbubofudaoquxianheshijiyouguandanwei。”zhongqingshicaizhengjuzhengfuzhaiwuguanlichufuchuzhangmouchaoqijieshao,zheixiezhaiquanzijinjizhongtouxiangjiaotongjichusheshi、yiliaoweisheng、nonglinshuili、shengtaihuanbao、shizhenghechanyeyuanqu秒速pk10 dengzhongdianlingyu。

  hunanshengcaizhengtingfutingzhangheweiwenjieshao,muqianhunanyifaxingdexinzengzhuanxiangzhaiquan911yiyuanzhuyaotouxianglingyuweiyuanqu秒速pk10 426.604yiyuan(zhan46.83%)、jiaotongjichusheshi201.7yiyuan(zhan22.14%)、shehuishiye152.738yiyuan(zhan16.77%)、shuiwu秒速pk10 103.758yiyuan(zhan11.39%)、nonglinshuili22.72yiyuan(zhan2.49%)、laojiuxiaoqugaizao3.48yiyuan(zhan0.38%)。

  “wentouzijiushiwenjingji。zaixibudiqu,touzidezhongyaoxinggengweimingxian。”zhongqinggaoxinqucaizhengjujuzhanggaojiupengduicishenyouganchu。tagaosujizhe,zhuanxiangzhaidejishixiadahuanjieledifangcaizhengduixiangmu秒速pk10 tourudeyali,youzhuyugenghaofangfanzhaiwufengxian,tongshiyexiyindaidonggengduoshehuizibengenjin。muqian,zhongqinggaoxinquzhengjijiyuguojiazhengcexingyinxing、shangyeyinxing、daxingyangqikaizhangengshenruhezuo,tongguoxiangmudaikuan、pppdengduozhongxingshiyouxiaoqiaodongshehuizibentouru,yujijiangyong40duoyiyuanzhaiquanzijinxiyinchaoguo200yiyuandeshehuiziben。

  jiaqiangxiangmuguanliyoushenmeshizhao

  suizhezhengfujuzhailidujiada,ruhetigaozhuanxiangzhaizijinshiyongxiaolvbingyouxiaofangfanfengxianchengweiyidaobidati。“秒速pk10 kaolvcong‘jie、yong、guan、hai’denghuanjiequanfangweijiaqiangguanli,zuidaxiandutigaozijinshiyongxiaoyi。”caizhengbubuzhangliukunzhichu,“jie”,jiushiyaohelibawofaxingjiezou;“yong”,jiushiyaoyouhuazhaiquanzijintouxiang;“guan”,jiushiyaojiakuaizijinshiyongjindu;“hai”,jiushiyaoluoshifadingchangzhaizeren。

秒速pk10  “caizhengbumenjiangqieshiguanhaoyonghaozhuanxiangzhaiquanzijin,laolaoshouzhubufashengxitongxingfengxiandedixian,juebuhuiweijiejueduanqiwentifangsongfengxianguankong。”liukunbiaoshi。

秒速pk10  jinnian7yue,caizhengbufabu《guanyujiakuaidifangzhengfuzhuanxiangzhaiquanfaxingshiyongyouguangongzuodetongzhi》,tichuleyangexinzengzhuanxiangzhaiquanshiyongfumianqingdan、jiakuaixinzengzhuanxiangzhaiquanzijinshiyongjindu、yifajiadazhuanxiangzhaiquanxinxigongkailidu、jianquantongbaoyuetanjizhihejiandujizhidengduoxiangcuoshi。

秒速pk10  gediweiraoyishangyaoqiuxiazugongfuguanhaoyonghaozhuanxiangzhaizijin。zhongqingshijiangbeiqucaizhengjujuzhangwanchuanjianggaosujizhe,jinnianjiangbeiquzhuanxiangzhaiedumingxianzengjia,wangnianbudao10yiyuan,jinnianzechaoguole18yiyuan。“zhuanxiangzhaiguimozengjiaduijicengdexiangmuchubeiheshaixuantichulegenggaoyaoqiu,youqishiqianqizhunbeiyidingyaojingxihua。秒速pk10 congqunianjiukaishilianheyouguanbumenshaixuanpingguxiangmu,yiquebaoxiangmuhezijinnenggougenghaoduijie。”wanchuanjiangshuo。

秒速pk10  shenzhenyouxianzhichishouxuwanbei、qianqizhunbeigongzuowanshan、jubeishigongtiaojiandexiangmu,youxianbaozhangzaijianxiangmuzijinxuqiu,yanjinjiangzhaiquanzijinzhiliuguokuhuochendianzaibumendanwei。zaijinnianshenzhenyifaxingde77zhizhuanxiangzhaiquanzhong,zaijianxiangmubiligaoda94.1%,qiyuxiangmuyejunchuyuqianqizhunbeijieduan。

  jugaojiupengjieshao,zhongqinggaoxinqucaizhengbumenjinyibujianquanlezhuanxiangzhaiwufengxianzhibiaotixi,jishipingguheyujing,yiquebaodangnianyusuanchangzhainenglinenggoufugaizhaiquanhaibenfuxiebingchaoguoyidingfudu。

  xinxigongkaishiyouhuazhuanxiangzhaiguanlidezhongyaofangshi。2019nian12yue31ri,caizhengbuzhengshishangxianshiyunxingzhongguodifangzhengfuzhaiquanxinxigongkaipingtai。jizhedakaipingtaiwangzhan,kandaoyouzhaiquanxinxi、yuedushuju、jidushuju、niandushujudengjigelanmu。diankai“zhaiquanxinxi”jiukekandaoanzhaofaxingshijianpaixudegedizhaiquanxinxi。zaigegeshujulanmu,jiyouquanguozongshuju,yeyoufendiqutongji,yimuleran。

秒速pk10  jizhecongduodicaizhengbumenlejiedao,weiyouxiaofangkongzhaiwufengxian,gedijianchizhuanxiangzhaiquanbixuyongyuyouyidingshouyidegongyixingxiangmu,jianchixiangmushouyiherongziziqiupingheng。yanjinyongyufafanggongzi、danweiyunxingjingfei、fafangyanglaojin、zhifulixideng,yanjinyongyuzhihuanzhaiwuyijishangyehuayunzuodechanyexiangmu、qiyebutiedeng。

  tongshi,gediweijiakuaixinzengzhuanxiangzhaiquanzijinshiyongjindu,yituodifangzhengfuzhaiwuguanlixinxixitong,duizhuanxiangzhaiquanfaxingshiyongshixingchuantoushi、quanguochengjiankong,dongtaijiancedifangcaizheng、xiangguanzhuguanbumenyijixiangmudanweidenggeleicanyuzhuti。

秒速pk10  zhaoquanhourenwei,yaogengjiayouxiaodifahuizhuanxiangzhaizuoyong,jiuyaoanqiwanchengzhuanxiangzhaiquandefaxingjindu,quebaozhaiquanxiangmudezijingongying。tongshi,yaohelifenpeizhuanxiangzhaiquanzijin,zhuzhongjiangzhuanxiangzhaiquanzijinheqitaxingshidecaizhengzijintongchouxiediao,jinyibutigaozijinshiyongxiaolv。

  “如果没有专项债的强有力支持,有些好项目可能还要等上三四年。作为地方政府部门,秒速pk10 一定要把握机遇,提高资金使用效率,落地更多民生项目,为创造群众美好生活贡献力量。”重庆市江津区财政局局长李嘉说。

【编辑:刘羡】
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