秒速pk10

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除了打牌、抽烟,《胡适留学日记》里还有更多

除了打牌、抽烟,《胡适留学日记》里还有更多

2020年09月14日 10:53 来源:秒速pk10 参与互动参与互动

  还原历史现场的《胡适留学日记》

秒速pk10  zhongguoxinwenzhoukanjizhe/chouguangyu

  fayu2020.9.14zongdi964qi《zhongguoxinwenzhoukan》

  伴随着由胡适的白话诗改编的歌曲《兰花草》的旋律,商务印书馆涵芬楼二层的展厅中正在展出一组新文化运动的手稿“遗产”,不时有观众走近展柜观看。

  zheichangmingwei“yadongtushuguanyizhen——chenduxiu、hushizhongyaowenxiantezhan”dezhanlan,baokuozongji50yuwanzide《hushiliuxueriji》shougao、chenduxiude《<kexueyurenshengguan>xu》、hushi《ba<hongloumeng>kaozheng(yi)(er)》yijihushiyuyourendeyixiewanglaixinzhadeng。zheishi《hushiliuxueriji》dewanzhengbenshougaoshoucimianxianggongzhongzhanchu,rijiqingxi、wanzhengdijilulehushizaixinwenhuayundongqianhou(1911-1919nianzhijian)desixiangyanbian,yijitayuwenhuaquanneiwaimingrendejiaowangdengdeng。

  “hanfenloushishangwuyinshuguandezangshulou,dangnianyadongtushuguanhetayiyangshizhimingchubanjigou,tamenyouhuyingdeguanxi。”zhanlancehuaren、yunmiaowenhuachangwufuzongjinglizhaochengshuaibiaoshi,xuanzeshangwuyinshuguandehanfenloujubanzhanlan,yeshichuyuduidangnianneiduanlishidehuying。erwulunshi《lanhuacao》,haishizhanlanxianchangbaifangzhedeyuzhutixiangguande、chubanshijianjihukuayueyigeshijidetushu,dourangrenyou“zhonghuilishixianchang”zhigan。

  胡适的思想手帐

  《hushiliuxueriji》zaiwangshangliuchuanyijiu,shenzhi,qizhongjizaide“dapai”“chouyan”dengneirongyijingchengweilehulianwangshangdegeng,danqishi,neixierujinbeiwangyounalaibizhaozichaodeshenghuosuoxijinjinshihushidaliangrijizhongdeyigeweixiaobufen,qirijiwanzhengbandeshiliaojiazhigengyoudaiwajue。zheizushoucijijiezhanchude《hushiliuxueriji》,duole《beijingzaji》he《guiquji》2juan,shijianwei1917niandao1919nianhushiguiguohou,tianbulexiancunhushirijizai“wusiyundong”zhiqiandeliangniankongbai,cengbeihuadongshifandaxuezhongwenxijiaoshouchenzishanpingjiawei“xinshijiyilaihushishiliaofajuefangmianzuizhongda、zuilebuqidefaxian”。

  1910nian,hushikaoqugengzipeikuandeguanfeishengdaomeiguoliuxue,xianhouzaikangnaierdaxue、gelunbiyadaxuexuexi,1917nianhuiguorenjiaoyubeida,qiliuxuerijisuojiludejiushineiduanrizi。hushiyueduliangjidayoujiaoyouguangfan,qishenghuoguijiyuminguoshiqizhuduomingrendouyousuojiaoji。zheiduanzhenguishiliaoduiyuwenxue、lishixuezhelaishuo,dadatuozhanleneiduanlishideyanjiujiangjie。bihushinianqingdeliangshiqiucengduihushiliuxuerijidefengfuxingheshiliaojiazhizantanbuyi,tashuo: “ruguo秒速pk10 dangnianyexieguoyibuliuxueriji,qineirongdepinfayuyouzhishikeyixiangjiande。”

秒速pk10  butongyuluxunrijijiandanqingxide“jizhangshi”neirong,hushibarijidangchenglejishuping、suibi、ziliaozhengliheshenghuoshoujiyuyishendesixiangpaomadi。jishigerensimijilu,yeyouzheyaojiangqiliuchuanhoushidexinlizhunbei。beijingdaxuezhongwenxiboshitangmujiafenxirenwei,《hushiliuxueriji》deneirongdazhikefenwei“riji”he“zaji”,hushiduizheiliangzhongwentiderenzhifeichangqingxi。yezhengrubeijingdaxuelishixijiaoshououyangzheshengsuoshuodeneiyang,hushixiederijidaiyou“sixiangzichuan”dexingzhi。

  congshougaoyuanbenzhongkeyikanchu,hushijirijiyongdebenzishishangxiafanyeshidexifangshibenzi,fengpishangyinzhename、grade、school、classdengziyang,leisixianzaiguoneizhongxueshengyongdelianxiben。dantadeshuxiefangshiqueshiwanquanzhongguohuade,jibabenzihengguolaicongyouzhizuo、congshangzhixiadishuxie。rijideyuyanzhuyaoshiyongxiandaibaihua,yejiazazhewenyanwenheyingyu,haiyouyixiezhongwaiwenfuhao。

  luxunbowuguan、xinwenhuayundongjinianguanyanjiushizhurenjiangyixinrenwei,zheizhongxiefahesoujijianbaodefangfakanqilaixiangxiandaide“shouzhang”。rijideneirongyetixianzhehushizaiyuedufangmiandebianhua。biru,tahuiba《luomiouhezhuliye》he《xixiangji》jinxingbijiao,xunlianzijideshupingxiezuo,zheishizhongguogudianwenxuequefadeyizhongxiandaiwenti。“xinwenhuayundongzhong,hushishixieshipingdegaoshou,tajiushizheiyangyibubuxunlianchulaide,er《hushiliuxueriji》deshougaotigonglezheifangmiandewuzheng。”jiangyixinshuo。

  zaihushi1919nianzhiqianderijizhong,《beijingzaji》he《guiquji》shidiyicizhanchu,suiranzheixieneirongyangeshuolaiyijingbushuyuliuxueshihouderiji,danyiranjixueshujiedailailejudadejingxiyijiduixindeyanjiufangxiangdekaituo。biru,rijizhongkeyikandao,hushiyu“wusi”wenxuegemingjixianfengqianxuantongdeshoucijianmianshijianshi1917nian9yue11ri,zheigexinxikeyouxiaomibuqianxuantongrijideshiji。zheiduiyulishipintudewanzhengyouzhongyaojiazhi。

秒速pk10  zaibiru,《guiquji》zezhongshijilulehushi1917nian12yue16rizhi1918nian2yue21rihuijiaxianganhuijixiyingqujiangdongxiudequanchengxijie。youqudeshi,“xinpairen”hushijuranjiangzheicijiushihunlidejiluzuodeshiwujuxi,lianhunlidezuoci、liuchengdouyiyikecha,jingranhaiyoutaqinshouhuadezuoweitu。beijingdaxuezhongwenxiboshitangmujiarenwei,hushiciju,shiyouyijianggaigehunlijiusudangzuosixianggemingzhongyaoshiyandeyizhong。

  几年前才被发现

秒速pk10  jihushizaijilurijidetongshi,hushijiuyouyishidijiangqizhongtarenweikeyigongbudeneirongjinxingfabiaohechuban。zaimeiguoshi,hushicengjiangrijifenshucijijitaxinrendehaoyouxuyisun。xuyisunlijiehushidexinli,jiangrijidezhaichaoneirongqumingwei《zanghuishizhaji》jiji《xinqingnian》fabiao。cong1916nian12yue1risuanqi,《xinqingnian》yigongzai11qizazhishanglianzailehushiliuxuerijideneirong。

  zai2015nian,youshanghairenminchubanshechubanyingyinshougaobenzhiqian,hushiliuxuerijidewanzhengshougaobingmeiyouzhenzhengduiwaipiluguo。qipaiyinbenzuichuxingchengyu20shiji30niandai,erdiyigewanzhengdechubanbanbendanshengyu1939nian,youyadongtushuguanzhenglikanxing,gong17juan4ce,dangshishuminghaijiao《zanghuishizhaji》,zhiyoucanyuchubanguochengderenshijiechuguota,ruyadongtushuguandebianjizhangxilv、yuchangzhidengren。hushiyanjiuhuihuizhanggengyunzhizaiwei《hushiliuxuerijishougaoben》suoxiedexuzhongtidao,weilehushirijidechuban,zhangxilvteyicongshanghailaidaobeiping,“zhudaohushidejiali,cong(1933nian)12yueqi,zheshouzhengli、chaoluhebianjihushideliuxueriji,zhi1934nian7yuezhengli、chaolu、bianjiwancheng。”

秒速pk10  《zanghuishizhaji》dediergebanbendanshengyu1947nian11yue,youshanghaishangwuyinshuguanzhongchu,cishishumingyijingbianchengle《hushiliuxueriji》。hushizaidangniande《zhongyinzixu》zhongtidao,yinweita“xianglaifanduimoumoushimoumouzhaidejiuxiguan”,yinciqinzijiangshuminggaidiao。disangebanbenyu1959nian3yuezaizhongguotaiwanshangwuyinshuguanchuban。ciwai,xinzhongguochenglihou,zheitaorijihaicengyoushangwuyinshuguan、anhuijiaoyuchubanshe、yuelushushedengjigouyizhao“yadongban”zhongyinchuban。

秒速pk10  zhidao2013nianqianhou,zangjialiangqinfenggoudezhengtaohushiliuxuerijideshougao,cairangrenmenjingjuezheitaoshougaoyuanbenjingranrengxiancunyushi。genju2014niandexinwenbaodao,shougaodaoliangqinfengshouzhongshi,chule《zanghuishizhaji》dequanbuneirong,haichuxianleshangshutidaode《beijingzaji》he《guiquji》2juanxinneirong。jingguoduibi,shougaozhongyefaxianleyixiehe“yadongban”dengkanyin、bianjiguodebanbenlveyoubutongdedifang。

  aihaoshouzangshuhuadeliangqinfengxiangweihushiyanjiuzuodianshiqing。2015nian8yue,shanghairenminchubanshejiang《hushiliuxuerijishougaoben》(jiliuxuerijishougaodeyingyinben)zhengshichuban,hushizairijizhongsuozhantie、jiarude450duofenzhaopian、shuxin、zhongyingwenjianbaodengneirongyebeiyiyihaiyuan。zheitaoshuyigongyinshuale230tao,youliangqinfenggerenhuigou,zaijuanzengjibaokuozhongguoguojiatushuguan、shanghaitushuguan、beijingdaxuetushuguan、hushiyanjiuhui、anhuijixihushiguju、taibeihushijinianguan、meiguokangnaierdaxuehegelunbiyadaxuedengzaineidegedajigou。

  yongbeijingdaxuelishixijiaoshououyangzheshengdehuashuo,zaijingguolejishiniandeshehuidongdangyihou,zheibushougao“qijibandi”cunhuoxialai、zaixianyushi,shifeichangzhenguide。shenzhiliannei230tao《hushiliuxuerijishougaoben》deyingyinben,duiyanjiuzheeryanyedoumizuzhengui。beijingyuyandaxuerenwenshehuikexuexuebufujiaoshouxijiabinghuiyishuo,dangnianzheitaoshugangchubanshi,tashoulimeiyoukeyanjingfei,bannianyihouzaixiangmai,yijingmaibudaole。2020nian8yue28ri,beijingyuyandaxuetushuguanzhongyuyehuozengleyitaoshougaoyingyinben。

  亚东图书馆的五四传奇

  zuoweiyijiaguimobingbudadechubanshe,diyigechuban《hushiliuxueriji》deyadongtushuguanweihenengchengweiyijiachuanqidechubanshe?guigenjiedihaishiyinweitashixinwenhuayundongdezhongyaochuanbozhendi。yadongtushuguandechuangbanren、jingyingzhewangmengzourexingeming,tahehushiyiyangshianhuijixiren,yesuanshichenduxiudeanhuitongxiang,cengyumaozedongdengrenzaichuanboxinsixiangdeguochengzhongjiexiaguoshenhouyouyi。

  zaiwuhukaishekexuetushusheshi,wangmengzoucengweichenduxiude《anhuisuhuabao》xiegao、zuofaxingyewu。1913nian,wangmengzoudaodangshiquanguodechubanzhongxinshanghaikaibanyadongtushuguan,yeshijiyuchenduxiudejianyi。wangmengzoudezhizi、fanyijia、bianjiwangyuanfangcengjiangshu,yadongtushuguanzhuandaoshanghaijingyinghou,xianshikaomaidituqijia,cihouyouxiaoshoulechenduxiubianjide《xintiyingwenjiaokeshu》deng。chenduxiuyidutouluxiangrangwangyuanfangdengrenbangtazuobenzazhi,danyinyadongliliangweibonanyichengshouerzuoba,zheibenzazhihoulaijiaoyouqunyishushechuban——jiushirihouzairushicede《xinqingnian》。

  suirancuoguoledangshizuizhongyaodeyibenzazhi,danshi“wusi”zhiqian,yadongtushuguanduixinsixiangdechuanboliduyijingburongxiaoqu。wangmengzoujihushidexinzhongtidao,《xinchao》《xinqingnian》《xinjiaoyu》《meizhoupinglun》zheixieshukanzazhidexiaoliang,yijingchaoguoledangshide“hunzhangzaluanxiaoshuo”。“wusi”hou,yadongtushuguanchubanlehushide《changshiji》、wangjingzhide《huidefeng》、gaoyuhande《baihuashuxin》deng,bingyikaoqudebeidachubanbushujidexiaoshoujingyingquanzaishanghaicunhuoxialai。

  1920nian,yadongtushuguanzaihushi、chenduxiudebangzhuxiakaishichubanyouwangyuanfangbianjidexinbiaodianbenxiliexiaoshuo,dashouhuanying。yizhiyuluxundouyoushuofa: “秒速pk10 yiweixuduoshishizuoderenbixuyouyimentezhangde,pirubiaodianzhinengrangwangyuanfang,zuoxuzhinengtuihushizhi,chubanzhinengyouyadongtushuguan。”dangnian12yue,yadongban《hongloumeng》yaoqinghushizhuanxiekaozhenghuoxinxu,zheipianyuegaowenzhangjiushihoulaide《hongloumengkaozheng》,congciyechedikaiqile“xinhongxue”dedamen。

  zai1923nian“kexueyurenshengguan”lunzhanzhong,guandianbutongdehushihechenduxiugengshishenducanyuleyadongtushuguandui《kexueyurenshengguan》dechubanguocheng。liangrenweizheibenshuxiele“shuangxu”,butongdeguandianchengweilunzhandeyibufen,jiqihuohua,dadacujinleshujidexiaoshou。

  henandaxueyuanfuxiaozhang、zhongguojinxiandaiwenxueyusixiangshizhuanjiazhangbaomingrenwei,chubansheshisixiangyuxianshizhijiandezhongjie,zhengshiyouyutamendejieru,yijizaichubanyinshua、faxinghuanjiezhongdekuxinjingying,caishide“qimeng”chengweiyichangyundong。“zaizheigeyiyishang,yadongtushuguanyuchenduxiu、hushideguanxi,shishengyirenyuqimengzhexiangjiehezhishuangyingdedianxinganli”。

秒速pk10  《hushiliuxueriji》zheibudutede“wusiqingnianxinlingshi”,tongguoyadongtushuguandechubanyinshuadeyiliuchuanbainian。erjin,duizheibushougaoneirongdezhongxinfaxianyufajue,zaiweilaihaihuitianbugengduoyanjiulingyudekongbai,jinyibuhaiyuanlishixianchangdequanmao。

  《zhongguoxinwenzhoukan》2020niandi34qi

  声明: 刊用《中国新闻周刊》稿件务经书面授权

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